QE Journal 2018 Publications
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Volume 07, Number 02, July 2018

Lasma Melinda Siahaan

Abstract : This research aims to determine the factors that affect the amount of imported goods intraASEAN. Factors influencing the import of goods in this study are Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Inflation and Exchange Rate in each member country of ASEAN. The method used in this research is panel regression through Panel Least Square (PLS) by using program Eviews 10. The data used is panel data, consisting of ten ASEAN member countries and ten years of research from 2006 to 2015. The results of the analysis data show that GDP and inflation have a positive and significant effect on the imported goods intra-ASEAN, while the exchange rate has a negative and significant effect on the imported goods intraASEAN. Simultaneously, GDP, inflation and exchange rate have a positive and significant effect on imported goods intra-ASEAN.

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Desmayani Siregar, Rujiman, H.B. Tarmizi

Abstract : The aim of this research is to examine the effect of intra- regional trade in ASEAN, extra regional ASEAN, foreign direct investment, inflation and population to the economic growth of ASEAN member countries. The method of analysis which is used in the research is regression panel with Eviews software 7. The population which is used in this research is ten ASEAN member countries with study period from year 2010 till year 2014. The result showed that, intra- regional trade in ASEAN, extra regional ASEAN, foreign direct investment, inflation and total population simultaneously has a significant effect on the economic growth of ASEAN member countries. Partially, intra-regional ASEAN trade and the number of population have negative effect on the economic growth of ASEAN member countries. While intra- regional trade, foreign direct investment and inflation partially have positive effect on the economic growth on ASEAN member countries.

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Dwita Sakuntala, Juli Meliza

Abstract : At the end of 2008 there was a financial crisis in America that impacted the global economy including Indonesia. This condition causes the movement of the rupiah to weaken following the global economy. The weakening of the rupiah causes, the economic conditions in Indonesia participate weakened. This study aims to determine the effect of money supply, gross domestic income, inflation and interest rates on the rupiah against the US dollar after the 2008 global economic crisis.The basic theory used in this research is the monetary approach theory was developed by Frenkel (1984). The analysis model used is ARCH/GARCH model with Maximum Likelihood estimation method. The empirical result of these research shows that the variable which have positive and significant influence is variable of money supply, and interest rates. Real GDP have negative and significant influence to the exchange rate. While inflation has no effect.

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Natasya S.E. Siahaan

Abstract : This study aims to determine the Inadequate Sanitation Influence and Maternal Mortality Rate on Human Development Index (HDI) in North Sumatra. The analytical tool used in this study is the Panel Regression Analysis through the Panel Least Square (PLS) method using the Eviews 10. program. The data used is a panel data consisting of 33 districts and cities in North Sumatra from 2014 to 2016. The result shows that improper sanitation and maternal mortality have a negative and significant effect on the human development index in North Sumatra. While simultaneously, improper sanitation and maternal mortality rates have a significant effect on the human development index in North Sumatra.

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Antonius KAP Simbolon

Abstract : This research aims to analyze Cointegration and Causality among ASEAN Road Infrastructure, ASEAN Total Trade in Goods and Rate of GDP Growth, using time series data, that is yearly data during the time period 2007 to 2015. The method used to test cointegration is Johansen’s Multivariate Cointegration Test dan the method used to test the causality is Granger’s Causality. The result of cointegration test revealed that there are a long run relationship between ASEAN Road Infrastructure, ASEAN Total Trade in Goods and Rate of GDP Growth in each member country of ASEAN. While the results of the Granger Causality test found there is a two-way relationship (mutual causality) between ASEAN Total Trade in Goods and Rate of GDP Growth in each member country of ASEAN. But, there is one-way relationship between ASEAN Road Infrastructure and ASEAN Total Trade in Goods and Rate of GDP Growth in each member country of ASEAN, which ASEAN Road Infrastructure gives effect to ASEAN Total Trade in Goods and Rate of GDP Growth.

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Volume 07, Number 01, March 2018

Milla Naeruz, Syaad Afifuddin , Rujiman

Abstract : Nowadays, cellular phones are highly needed and become the necessities of life. The formulation of the problem was whether the factors of price/tariff, promotion, the number of customers, the number of employees, and tower networks influenced the competition (income) in telecommunication in Indonesia. The theory used in the research was the theory of micro economy and management which were related to income, competition, employees, price, and customers. Secondary data were analyzed quantitatively in the numerical form and time series by using multiple regression models. They were gathered from books, journals, research results, and other sources which were relevant to this research. Dependent variable was competition (income of telecommunication industry), while independent variables were tariff/price, the number of customers, the number of employees, promotion, and network. The result and the conclusion of the research showed that the number of customers and tariff had the most dominant influence on competition, while employees, promotion, and network/bts had insignificant influence on competition even though these three variables were the facility to increase company’s income. Therefore, the management of the company should be careful in identifying competitors and in making policies.

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Moraulina Marsella Simarmata, Bastari

Abstract : PPN (Value-Added Tax) and PPnBM (Luxury Goods Sales Tax) are kind of taxes recognized in Indonesia, and are classified into indirect tax which are imposed to the consumption in every level of production and distribution. As the taxes on consumption, PPN and PPnBM are highly dependent on the general economic condition. The indicators of macro economy may have influence on the revenues of PPN and PPnBM every year, and so is the amount of PKP (Taxable Entrepreneur) as PPN Collector according to the prevailing PPN Law. Therefore, the objective of the research was to find out how the amount of PKP, PDB, export value, import value, inflation, consumption expense, population and SBI interest rates influenced the revenues of PPN and PPnBM in Indonesia from 1986 until 2015. Ordinary Least Square method was applied for the analysis with multiple linear regression equation. The results showed that the amount of PKP, PDB, export value, import value, inflation, consumption expense, population and SBI interest rates simultaneously had a significant influence on the revenues of PPN and PPnBM in Indonesia. Partially, the amount of PKP, PDB, Export value, import value, consumption and population had positive influence on the revenues of PPN and PPnBM, whereas inflation and SBI interest rates had negative influence on the revenues of PPN and PPnBM in Indonesia.

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Syafaruddin Munthe, Ramli

Abstract : Employment is basically a problem which is faced by all regions, but its intensity may vary, based the factors which influence it. Employment exists because of investment and attempts to extend employment because of other factors such as inflation, interest rate, exchange rate, government expenditures, and PDRB (Gross Domestic Revenue). The objective of the research was to analyze the influence of exogenous variables on endogenous variables such as employment, inflation, interest rate, exchange rate, investment, government expenditures, and PDRB. The research used quantitative analysis by using coherent secondary data from 1985 until 2015 obtained from BPS (Central Bureau of Statistics) of North Sumatera and Bank Indonesia. The data were analyzed by using path analysis model. The result of the research showed that exogenous variables simultaneously had significant influence on endogenous variables in each equation model. The variables of investment, government expenditures, gross domestic revenue, inflation, and interest rate did not have any significant influence on the variable of employment. Meanwhile, the variable of exchange rate had positive and significant influence on the variable of employment.

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Budi Irwansyah, Endang Sulistya Rini, Beby KF Sembiring

Abstract : PT. Bank Aceh, Medan Branch, undergoes the decrease in its clients’ loyalty which indicated by the increase in non-active clients in the period of 2011-2015. The objective of this research was to find out and analyze the influence of Service Quality on Clients’ satisfaction and its effect on their loyalty at PT. Bank Aceh, Medan Branch. The data were gathered by conducting descriptive quantitative survey and distributing questionnaires to 94 respondents and analyzed by using path analysis. The result of the research showed that, simultaneously, tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy had positive and significant influence on clients’ loyalty. Partially, tangibles had positive and significant influence on clients’ loyalty, reliability had positive and significant influence on clients’ loyalty, responsiveness had positive and significant influence on clients’ loyalty, assurance did not have any positive and significant influence on clients’ loyalty, and empathy had positive and significant influence on clients’ loyalty at PT. Bank Aceh, Medan Branch. Clients’ satisfaction had positive and significant influence on clients’ loyalty at PT. Bank Aceh, Medan Branch. Tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy directly and indirectly had positive influence on clients’ loyalty through clients’ satisfaction at PT. Bank Aceh, Medan Branch.

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Supandi, Sirojuzilam, Agus Suriadi

Abstract : The objective of the research was to find out the development of cooperatives in Kisaran. The population was all youngsters who lived in Kisaran. The samples were 96 managers of cooperatives that were not youth and dwelled in two subdistricts: Kisaran Barat Subdistrict and Kisaran Timur Subdistrict according to Franck Lynch formula. The data were analyzed by using descriptive percentage analysis in order to find out the role of youth in the development of cooperatives in Kisaran and Shift Share method in order to find out the role of cooperatives in the development of Kisaran. The primary data were gathered by using questionnaires and secondary data were obtained from the related agencies such as the Cooperative, Industry, and Commerce Agency of Kisaran and Central Bureau of Statistics of Kisaran. The result of the descriptive percentage analysis shows as the Agent of Change, they are obliged to improve cooperatives and it is the thing which is done by youth (64.58%). As the Agent of Development, they play an active role in development of cooperatives (68.75%). As the Agent of Modernization, they productively active in marketing cooperatives (68.75%). Therefore, the role of youth influences the development of cooperatives in Kisaran. The result of Shift Share has Proportional shift (P) of 69.76877 which indicates that sub-sector of cooperatives in Asahan Regency has quicker growth than that in the sectors of industry, electricity, gas and drinking water, transportation and communication, and the other services in Kisaran and has Differential Shift (D) of 77.18951 which indicates that sub-sector of cooperatives in Asahan Regency has relatively higher competitiveness than that of the other sectors.

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